Making your own compost is a gesture that helps protect the environment by recycling waste.
Compost is also an excellent way to make organic matter essential for the good development of plants.
Thanks to your compost, you will be able to feed and fertilize all your plantations without costing you a cent ...
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- Compost, utility and explanation
- Make an apartment composter
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Benefits of compost
Compost is a great way to use the plant waste we produce for use in the garden as a soil amendment, fertilizer and green manure.
- Compost is an excellent amendment for the floor.
- he promotes growth plants, roses, trees and shrubs.
- Its composition allowsimprove soil quality and provide the nutrients that plants need to thrive.
Use the compost well
Compost is best used when plants need it most, i.e. during their growth period.
At vegetable garden, it can also be used to prepare the soil for end of winter before receiving the first seedlings and first plantings.
The compost must have a homogeneous appearance, a dark color and a pleasant peat smell or earth.
It is friable and relatively fine in texture.
- It is used when the plant needs it most, especially during resumption of vegetation.
- In spring in general, but also throughout the year for houseplants.
There are 2 ways to make your own compost, in a heap and in a bin.
Today there is a wide choice of composters, wooden or plastic, perfectly suited to transforming plants into compost.
The compost bin has the advantage of having a limited footprint and is ideal for city gardens.
Compost in heaps:
The heap has several advantages, in particular that of not be limited in space.
It is nevertheless exposed to bad weather as well as birds and other animals which can therefore come and feed on your waste.
Waste to be composted
All vegetable waste from your home or garden can be added to your compost pile or composter.
We find in the authorized organic waste:
- Fruit and vegetable peelings
It is best to wash them beforehand so that there is no trace of chemicals.
- Coffee grounds and the paper filter
- Eggshells, crushed to facilitate decomposition
- Wilted flowers
- Bread and pasta waste.
- Green waste from the garden: leaves, mowing, weeds, flowers, etc.
Warning ! Make sure that this waste has not been chemically treated before.
- Some household waste such as tissues and ashes.
- Tea, herbal tea and herbal tea bags
- You can use the ashes or use them as a fertilizer and slug killer
Waste that does not go to compost
Yes, we must avoid throwing in the compost some weeds, especially those seed carriers because it can promote their proliferation.
Do not use the wastes that have undergone chemical treatment like weedkillers, pesticides, fungicides.
Products that do not go to compost:
Meat, especially bones
Fish, especially bones
- Oysters, mussels
- Orange, lemon or grapefruit peels
Make a composter yourself
There is a very economical and simple to achieve.
You just have to form a square with 4 pallets that you will tie together with wire and that you will put directly on the ground.
- Choose a place sheltered from the wind, not too sunny and easily accessible.
- Place a layer of straw, leaves or twig about 15 to 20 cm in the bottom.
- Aerate the pile regularly to prevent the materials from rotting between them and having the same level of decomposition.
- If the pile becomes too dry, do not hesitate to water to maintain the moisture level that the material needs
The ventilation provided by the space between the slats is excellent and thus allows your waste to decompose optimally.
It is a good idea to have a trap door at the bottom of one of the pallets to collect the compost under the pile that you will have formed.
One last tip, if you want your composter to last over time, opt for class IV wood which is the only one that resists bad weather.
Smart tip, the compost activator
By stimulating the action of bacteria and microbial flora present in the compost, you speed up the process composting.
This is a formula 100% natural and usable in organic farming which improves the decomposition of waste.
This is the guarantee of a compost of best quality and usable more quickly.
To read also:
- Soil, what is it for?
- Compost, what is it for?