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How to care for a corn plant

How to care for a corn plant



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Click or tap the image to view the new Growing Corn guide. Sweet corn is a member of the grass family. In smaller gardens, it should be planted in square blocks instead of long rows to improve cross-pollination between corn stalks. Like most vegetables, corn will grow best in areas with plenty of sunlight.

Content:
  • What is the correct way to plant sweet corn in the home garden?
  • Dracaena Massangeana (or Corn Plant) Care Guide
  • Growing Sweet Corn
  • Stop your Corn Plant from Turning Brown on the Tips
  • Corn Plant Guide: How to Grow & Care for “Dracaena Fragrans”
  • Dracaena Fragrans (Corn Plant)
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What is the correct way to plant sweet corn in the home garden?

Download Resource. Sweet corn is a popular vegetable and is relatively easy to grow. Among market gardeners throughout New England, about half of the vegetable acreage is devoted to sweet corn. The average yield for a home garden is about one-two ears per plant. Sweet corn ears may have all yellow, all white, or bicolor a mixture of yellow and white kernels.

Bicolor varieties are most popular in New England, but the quality of all of these are excellent and depend on the specific variety, the growing and handling conditions, and on personal preference. Sweet corn kernels are sweeter than field corn varieties because of a mutation at the sugary locus su.

After harvest, the sugar converts into starches, and the kernels become tougher and less sweet. The traditional su sweet corn varieties become starchy relatively quickly after harvest hence the traditional recommendation to get the pot of water boiling before you harvest the corn!

If super-sweet varieties cross-pollinate other types of corn, the quality of both is reduced. It is not necessary to isolate sugary su or sugary-enhanced se varieties from one another. For maximum growth and yield, sweet corn should receive full sun.

Sweet corn that has germinated can withstand light frosts because the growing point is protected by the outer leaves, but it is important for the soil to be warm enough to allow germination. It is possible to transplant corn successfully. For transplant, seeds should be sown in cells that are large enough so that it does not become rootbound, and plants should be transplanted outdoors within days of seeding.

The ideal soil for corn is well drained and fertile, with a pH of 6. As a general rule, plant early corn in light soil sand or loam and later corn in heavier soil silt or clay , when there is an option.

Light soils warm up faster than heavy soils, so seed germinates more readily. In hot midsummer conditions, heavier soils have the advantage of holding more moisture than lighter soils.

Sweet corn needs ample water from germination to harvest, but the most critical period for water is about 2 weeks before silks form. Aim for 1 inch of water per week, and supplement natural rainfall with irrigation as needed. Test soil before planting to determine the amount of lime and fertilizers needed.

Soil testing can be done through a number of private and public labs. UNH Cooperative Extension offers this service. Aged manure or compost incorporated the fall prior to planting will provide nutrients and increase water-holding capacity.

Generally, corn needs the equivalent of about 25 lbs of fertilizer per 1, square feet. Equivalent rates of other synthetic or organic fertilizers can be used instead ofFertilizers should be thoroughly incorporated into the soil before planting. Spread the fertilizer between the rows or on either side of a single row and lightly incorporate it into the soil.

Corn is pollinated when wind currents carry the pollen from the tassel to the silk. Pollination is essential, since each kernel develops only when a pollen grain lands on the silk attached to that kernel. While it is possible for corn to be pollinated effectively when planted in a single row, planting several short rows in a block formation increases the likelihood of successful pollination.

Plants should be spaced inches apart between plants. For early plantings, seeds should be no deeper than 1 inch. For later plantings, plant seeds inches deep to ensure adequate moisture contact. Each corn planting will be mature for only a short time: days. For a continuous supply of corn throughout the summer, plant a small amount of the same variety every days or simultaneously plant varieties with different dates to maturity. Broad-leaf weeds such as lambsquarter, pigweed, purslane and galinsoga, and grasses such as quackgrass and crabgrass are strong competitors of sweet corn.

Weeds can be controlled by using mulches of black plastic or straw. For black plastic, lay the mulch before planting, punch small holes through the plastic and push the corn seed down to the appropriate depth. Plants will grow through the holes.

For straw mulch, apply after the plants are inches high. Shallow cultivation or hand-hoeing are also effective ways to control weeds. The best time to kills weeds is when they are very small, so frequent shallow cultivation is the most effective method. Corn borers usually occur twice, in mid-June to early July and again in mid-July to September.

Corn earworms occur during this later time period. In small garden plantings, these pests may not occur in a given year, and they may not require management. For more information about integrated management of these pests, please see the publication Integrated Management of Sweet Corn Insects in New Hampshire.

Biological and chemical control strategies should be based on the presence of the insects, which can be determined by trapping. Sweet corn is generally free of serious diseases. Occasional a grayblack mass appears on the ears. It is caused by a fungal disease known as smut. The best control is to cut off the ear and dispose of it. Germinating corn is often pulled up by birds or crows as they search for the kernels.

One control method is to cover the planted rows with polyester rowcovers available at most garden centers at the time of planting. Secure edges with rocks, soil or pins, and leave enough slack for the corn to grow. Remove after weeks when the plants are too large for the space under the cover. Ripening corn is a favorite food of raccoons. The fence should be installed and turned on before the corn is ripe, and it is important to keep the area underneath the fence clear of grass and weeds that can ground it out.

When sweet corn is ready to harvest, ears are plump and the silks have turned brown and started to dry up. You can test for maturity by gently peeling back the husk to check kernel size. The temperature at which sweet corn is harvested and stored can have a dramatic effect on eating quality.

After harvest, sweetness rapidly declines as the sugar in the kernel is converted to starch. This conversion is accelerated by high temperatures. Although super-sweet types retain sweetness much longer than other types, it is important to harvest all types of corn in the early morning or late evening when temperatures are cool, and to refrigerate it to maintain quality.

Home Growing Sweet Corn [fact sheet]. Growing Conditions For maximum growth and yield, sweet corn should receive full sun. These sweet corn transplants are about 7 days old, and will be ready to transplant in another days. To get a continuous supply of corn throughout the summer, plant a small amount of the same variety every days or simultaneously plant varieties with different dates to maturity.

In this photo, each group of four rows was planted days apart. This corn planting will provide a steady harvest of sweet corn from late July through mid-October. This silking corn is at the perfect stage to be pollinated.

Sustainable Horticulture State Specialist. Email: Becky. Sideman unh. Phone:Topics vegetable crops. Tags Vegetable Gardening. Types Fact Sheet. Show Economic Dev.


Dracaena Massangeana (or Corn Plant) Care Guide

Corn Plant Dracaena fragrans is named for its shiny green leaves and woody stalk that mimic the look of an actual corn plant. As it matures, it develops a solid stem, and the leaves concentrate at the top of the stems. It can grow as tall as your ceiling if you let it! Corn Plant is extremely easy to care for.

Plant corn in an area that receives at least 8 to 10 hours of sunlight. but take care not to get too close to the root system of the corn.

Growing Sweet Corn

Corn plants are an easy care houseplant, just be sure to water them well…. Welcome to our guide to corn plant care. The corn plant aka dracaena fragrans is a small dracaena tree-like houseplant originally from tropical Africa. Corn plants are not fussy when it comes to light needs, they can do well in low-medium light areas of your home, but will grow faster if given more indirect sunlight too. Go to water your corn plant once a week but only water it if it is dry for the top two inches of soil 5 centimeters. Use a balanced fertilizer once a month in the spring and summer months, but use it diluted down by twice as much as normal. Corn plants like soil that is rich in organic matter, so repotting them every 2 years or less in spring is a good idea. Corn plants will do well in normal household humidity but in drier months, you can mist your plants when watering. You can buy these at many local plant shops and florists, or try eBay and Etsy.

Stop your Corn Plant from Turning Brown on the Tips

Dracaena Fragrans is a popular indoor plant.It gets its name from its leaves, which resemble the corn stalks of the Zea mays a. Dracaena plants are easy to grow and resilient. Strongly scented flowers, occasionally produced on a plant grown in its native habitat, gave the plant its name.

My indoor corn plant is now huge.

Corn Plant Guide: How to Grow & Care for “Dracaena Fragrans”

The dracaena corn plant botanical name: dracaena fragrans massangeana is a well known indoor plant which is grown in many homes and offices within the US, UK and Europe. There are a few dracaena fragrans varieties that display different types of leaves such as the massangeana, lindenii and victoria. The one with the common name corn plant or cornstalk is the massangeana. If your a grower needing a plant for a center piece in a room or a focal point, this is one of those types of species which looks the part. Once it begins to mature and grows over 4 feet in height it makes an ideal office or hotel plant and looks the business in large living rooms and hallways.

Dracaena Fragrans (Corn Plant)

There are many types of sweet corn available to gardeners. New varieties have made it easier to bring quality sweet corn to the table. New types are sweeter, crisper and tenderer. They hold their sweetness longer without becoming starchy after picking, but growing these new types can be more challenging. Three genes control sweetness in corn: Sugary su , Sugary Enhancer se and Shrunken-2 sh. Newer varieties contain either the Sugary Enhancer gene, the Shrunken-2 gene or a combination of the two. You will see code letters on packets of sweet corn seed or in catalog descriptions that give information about growing each variety: su, se, sh, sy.

How to Plant Corn · Select and prepare the bed. Corn needs full sun for optimal growing conditions, so choose an area that gets at least six.

Dracaena massangeana or Corn plant shows off shiny green leaves with yellow streaks running down the center. These lovely leaves grow out of a central woody cane. Light: Does best in bright indirect light, but can thrive in low light. Watering Frequency : A little bit of neglect goes a long way here.

Corn plant, also called cornstalk or mass plant Dracaena fragrans ' Massangeana ' is a flowering plant in the Asparagaceae family, originating from tropical Africa. Its common name comes from the resemblance of the main stalk to a corn plant. It is a popular houseplant as it is easy to grow and is tolerant of neglect. In the wild, the corn plant can grow up to 50 feet in height, but houseplants are much smaller and usually have thick, cane-like, stalks with shoots sprouting from the top of the cut stem.

Bring the great outdoors indoors by sprucing up your home with the stately corn plant dracaena.

Corn plants Dracaena fragrans , also known as False palms and Happy plants, are popular indoor plants with attractive striped leaves. This post contains affiliate links. Please read the disclosure for more info. Dracaena fragrans are popular indoor plants that are easy to care for. They can easily reach 6 feet 1. Corn plant flowers emerge from pink colored buds into masses of white flowers that open in the evening. The fragrance can become overwhelming after a few days so you may have to move the plant outdoors, especially if anyone in your household suffers from allergies or has a sensitive nose.

Skip to content. Sweet Corn Zea mays is a member of the grass family, which includes other cereal crops such as wheat, oats, barley, sorghum and rice. Corn require plenty of space to grow, and therefore, is recommended for large gardens. Sweet corn grows best in fertile, loamy, well-drained soil where plants will receive fill sunlight throughout the day.