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Car manufacturing plants in gauteng
Manufacturing industries in South Africa are highly efficient, producing and exporting a wide range of household and commercial goods. Motor vehicle manufacturing is dominated by the Volkswagen, Nissan, BMW and Ford factories located around the main cities and industrial towns of the Gauteng, Mpumalanga, Limpopo and North West provinces, with most vehicles assembled in the Free State. Other significant manufacturing industries include the agricultural, textile, clothing and footwear, leather, steel and engineering industries, as well as furniture and food processing.
The International Monetary Fund predicts that by 2025, South Africa's manufacturing sector will contribute 10% to the country's gross domestic product, with growth in the automotive sector. According to the South African Chamber of Commerce, the automotive industry has made several attempts to achieve self-sufficiency in recent years, with the successful growth of the domestic market from 7% of total vehicle sales in 2007, to 20% in 2012. Although exports were more heavily weighted towards overseas markets in 2012, they grew at a faster rate than the local market and made up 46% of the total value of imports in 2012, for an overall trade balance of -50%.
Car manufacturing in Gauteng
The Republic of South Africa produced 54,000 vehicles in 2012, more than half of which were sold domestically, with a local demand of 60% of global vehicle output. The automotive industry's contribution to the South African economy was 12.7% of GDP in 2012. Local vehicles include the Volkswagen Polo, Volkswagen Beetle, Ford Zafira, Audi A3, Nissan Note, Volkswagen Golf, Chrysler Pacifica, BMW X5, Volvo XC60, and Isuzu D-Max. As of August 2016, the joint venture between Volkswagen Group and Toyota Motor Corporation will manufacture Land Cruisers at the Zandvlei site, near Pietermaritzburg.
Established in 1953, Maserati South Africa (or Masa), is the first ever wholly owned subsidiary of Maserati. Based in Sandton in Johannesburg, the company is involved in manufacturing, assembling, exporting and distributing luxury and prestigious vehicles. They are one of the world's most respected automotive manufacturers in the field of high performance sports cars, producing products including the Ghibli and Quattroporte cars, Maserati Levante and Grand Sport, Quattroporte Sportivo, Gallardo (the last 4 generations in the US) and the XKR-GT prototype. The company also manufactures the Berlina (4 generations) saloons and an array of other models.
In the 1970s, Maserati South Africa suffered from currency restrictions imposed by the South African Reserve Bank, resulting in their manufacturing the A6S (also known as "Gran Sport") four-door sedan with a 2.2 litre (1184 cc) V6 engine, from imported components. By the early 1980s, production switched to imported engines, with the local-built A6X model using the 3.3 litre (1650 cc) Maserati 3.3 ,L V8 with a single-overhead cam, four valves per cylinder, fuel injected engine.
Maserati's high-performance products including the Maserati Quattroporte, GranTurismo, the Maserati Ghibli, the Maserati MC 12 (formerly the Maserati Quattroporte MC, produced for 14 years from 1982–1996) as well as Maserati's exclusive 8-speed transmission, which has been featured in Formula One races since 2009. The MC 12's homologation in FIA Group C was contested by Bugatti, Ferrari, Porsche, Lamborghini and Maserati for three consecutive years from 1988 to 1990, with the Maserati Quattroporte MC winning all 3 years. It was once estimated that the Quattroporte's engine produced of peak power. The Quattroporte was introduced to the American market in 1990, with the Sportscat III four-door sedan. It was powered by the Maserati 3.5 litre (1962 cc) V6, a brand new engine design. The engine was completely redesigned in 2007 for the 2008 model year.
In 1951, the Plymouth division of Chrysler Corporation entered into a joint venture agreement with the United Auto Workers, to build and market the Canadian-built Chrysler Windsor in South Africa, one of the first Chrysler-produced vehicles to be mass-produced in the country. In 1955, the state-owned importer, the South African Motor Vehicle Import Board, expanded Chrysler's operation into the local market, and Plymouth commenced retail sales on 27 September 1956. Their partners consisted of Chrysler Corporation, with 82% shareholding, the Union of South African Automobile Workers (Cyril Ramaphosa), the Automobile Workers Union (Stefan Matsikiza), and the Motor Trade Board.The plant produced Chrysler-Plymouth sedans, wagons and 4-door sedans, as well as vans and a station wagon. From 1960 until the end of 1962, the plant produced Plymouth badged Chrysler Imperial models. The Imperial was later replaced with the Valiant. The next model to be built, in 1963, was the Valiant.
In 1964, Chrysler Corporation acquired the Chrysler assembly plant at Morris Bay, Johannesburg. Production commenced in 1965. The Morris Bay plant produced Plymouth badged Chrysler products from 1964 until the termination of operations in 1996. Plymouth models produced at the Morris Bay plant included Valiant (1964–1988), Aries (1973–1983), Lancer (1980–1991) and 200 sedan (1988–1996).
Plymouth was made in South Africa from 1964 to 1966. Following the 1966 introduction of the Plymouth Satellite, Morris was closed and the Maranello, Italy-based body built parts were shipped from SA to SA for installation into the Chryslers manufactured at Morris Bay. In 1967, Chrysler merged with American Motors Corporation and the factory at Morris Bay was closed and converted to manufacture AMC's models in South Africa. The plant at Morris Bay was then converted to manufacture the Chrysler